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Lessons from the Third Reich: The Fragility of Law in the Grip of Power and Evil





Graphic for the Opening Ceremony of the Exhibit: Lessons from the Third Reich.

From October 21 to November 21, 2013, the thought-provoking documentary exhibit created by the German Bar Association in 2000 – “Lawyers Without Rights: Jewish Lawyers in Germany under the Third Reich” – traveled the world and was presented at the Minneapolis Federal Courthouse, the Minnesota Judicial Center, the Duluth Federal Courthouse, the University of Minnesota Law School, the IDS Center, and the Minneapolis downtown Marriott hotel.

On November 15, 2013, while the exhibit was on display at the University of Minnesota Law School, a symposium was held addressing the importance of the Nuremberg trials for the rule of law, honoring Minnesotans who played a critical role at the trials, and featuring a panel of top scholars who discussed the role of an international criminal court and the challenges of an international response to genocide.

The program included welcome remarks by Chief Judge Michael Davis, remarks by two Minnesota scholars whose grandfathers were impacted by Hitler’s decree barring Jewish lawyers and judges from German courts, remarks by the Honorary German Consul Christa Tiefenbacher-Hudson and a presentation of Butterfly Songs by Momoko Tanno, music based on poetry written by children imprisoned at Teretzin concentration camp.

The Court also participated in various other events relating to the exhibit. They included:

  • The opening ceremony of a touring exhibit entitled "Lawyers Without Rights: Jewish Lawyers in Germany Under the Third Reich" in the atrium of the Minneapolis Courthouse on October 24, 2013;

  • A luncheon CLE on November 5, 2013 entitled "A Minnesota Judge at Nuremberg" at the Minnesota Judicial Center;

  • Commemoration of the 75th Anniversary of Kristallnacht which took place the evening of November 7, 2013 in the Rotunda of the Capitol Building with a reception to follow;

  • A program, including the presentation of a documentary film entitled "Nuremberg: Its Lesson For Today" by Sandra Schulberg at a community college on the Iron Range as well as an evening reception at a very small synagogue in Virginia, Minnesota;

  • A reception at the Duluth Courthouse with the exhibit on November 12, 2013;

  • A Symposium on the Nuremberg Trials and the World's Response to Genocide" at the University of Minnesota School of Law on November 15, 2013;

  • An FBA luncheon on "Anti-Semitism and the Practice of Law in Minnesota" at the Minneapolis Club on November 20, 2013; and

  • A reception before the Twin City Cardozo Society Dinner on November 21, 2013.


Lawyers Without Rights: Jewish Lawyers in Germany under the Third Reich Program



Still Photographs



Media Coverage



For additional information on the District of Minnesota's outreach programs, please contact Rebeccah Parks at rebeccah.parks@mnd.uscourts.gov or (612) 664-5124.